Blender Modeling [Practice] - Learn how to use, Create want models

Blender Modeling [Practice] - Learn how to use, Create want models

This article is...

The content of this course is a step-by-step explanation of how to use the tools and tricks often used in Blender modeling while creating 3D models.

If you want to learn how to use 3DCG software, I recommend that you learn while actually creating 3D models.

If you decide on the 3D model you want to make and work your way through this article, you'll be able to do at least some modeling in Blender anyway!

I wrote this article aiming for such content, and it turned out to be very long.

 

If there is something you want to pinpoint, we have prepared a Dictionary-like index of item-by-item summaries, so you can find the item you want to know about from there.

 

Also, Blender Modeling [Knowledge] If there is a supplemental explanation in another article in the blog, such as, the text is a link to the article. Please check the links as necessary~.

*The position of the link may be shifted when displaying the content of the link on a smartphone or other device.

 

This article corresponds to the long-term supported version Blender 2.83/2.93 LTS.

 

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Decide on the model you want to create just right

Hm-hmm...

When learning how to use a new 3DCG software, it is recommended that you learn how to use it while creating the model you want to make, in Toha's opinion.

There are 3 reasons why we recommend it.

  1. Priority is given to learning how to use functions that are actually used frequently.
  2. It's easy to memory what you need to learn when you need to learn it.
  3. When the model is complete, we can do the minimum we need to do.

Although 3DCG software has many useful functions, it is possible to create 3D models without understanding all of the functions. Therefore, while actually creating the model you want to make, you should learn how to use the software.

I want to do something like thisI'll find out howI'll trythe model is also complete

If you follow this cycle, you can kill two birds with one stone by creating what you want to create while also learning what is necessary to create it.

 

Studying to "make what you want to make" also helps to maintain motivation.

I think it is more fun to make 3D models that you want to make than to make 3D models for tutorials that are not very interesting.

And when you learn how to use 3DCG software, you will have completed the 3D model you wanted to create. When you think of that, it must be kind of motivating, don't you think?

 

What is important here is how you decide on the 3D model you want to create.

When deciding on the 3D model you are going to make, there are a few points you should consider.

  1. Choose something you like, something you enjoy making, something you truly want to make.
  2. However, don't choose something too complicated or difficult from the start.
  3. Find "just the right feeling" that is easy to make and keeps your interest.
  4. Make it something that can gather a lot of reference material from what is already in the world.

 

This may seem abstract and a bit confusing.

For example, even if you love Pokémon, you should not make a Charizard right away, but start with a Charmander. If you think Charmander looks too difficult, you can try making Poliwag first.

If it is Pokémon, many materials can be used as references, such as pictures, games, and stuffed animals.

When it comes to original characters of your design, the hurdle is higher because you need to create your characters from reference materials.

 

If the task is too difficult or the hurdle to completion is too high, you will not be able to maintain your motivation until the end, and you are more likely to fail in the process of making it.

The trick is to choose a 3D model that looks fun to make and that you feel you can somehow create yourself, and that has "just the right feel" to it, while learning how to use the software.

Toha
Toha

*3D models of copyrighted works should be made for practice or fan art.

 

Incidentally, the model of Toha is the first 3D model I made in Blender.

  • I wanted to create a 3D model to use as an icon for Toha himself.
  • Not too complicated, not too difficult, just the right kind of design.
  • I want to pose it so I can study the bones and weights.
♪

Since this is an original model, there is not much material available, but I have prepared that area myself. (Reference: Materials I collected to create the Toha model )

 

From now on, I would like to look at modeling in Blender while actually creating a Toha model as an example.

 

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Actual modeling (1) Up to symmetrical preparation with mirrors

♪

Now let's get on with the modeling.

It is easier to create a 3D model of a character if the base part is modeled symmetrically. First, we will proceed to the preparation stage of symmetrical modeling.

 

When you start Blender, there is a cube object in the middle, but since we are going to delete the default cube with Delete, we will start by adding a cube object.

For more information on how to operate the 3D viewport, please see Blender Basic Operation Please refer to the explanation in How to Use Blender. In addition, we will basically model in a way that does not use shortcuts.

 

By the way...

In fact, Blender's standard add-on: Auto Mirror allows you to complete what follows "from deleting half the object to applying the mirror modifier" with a single click of a button.

For more information on add-ons and shortcuts that are useful to use, see Modeling with Blender [addendum] article summarizes. If you want to use Blender more conveniently, please take a look~!

 

Adding Objects

Add objects to your Blender scene.

Objects can be added from the You can do this from the header menu under [Add]. When you click [Add], you will see a menu like this.

Adding Blender Objects

Basically, any object you want to add to your Blender scene can be created from this Add menu.

Meshes, curves, text, lights, cameras... the list goes on. Cylinders, spheres, torus (doughnut-shaped) objects, etc. can be added by selecting them from the Mesh section.

Now we want to add a cube object, so we choose Add→Mesh→Cube.

 

Advanced settings in the Operator panel

Once the cube is added, an Operator panel will appear.

If it appears small, click on it to enlarge the panel.

In the operator panel when adding a cube object, you can change the size and position of the cube. If you set the size to 1 m and the position to (0, 0, 0.5 m), you can create a cube that looks like this

Operator panel for additional cubes

 

Blender's standard unit of measure

Blender's default reference unit is Meters (m).

For this reason, the units for cube size and location are in meters.

 

The base unit can also be changed.

From the Property Editor Select the Scene tab and you will find the "Units" section. If you change the Length field from Meters to Centimeters, the base unit will be changed to centimeters (cm).

Blender Property Editor Scene Tab Units Settings

 

When the reference unit is set to centimeters, units in the operator panel will also change to centimeters.

The units on the operator panel also change from meters to centimeters.

Basically, Blender's default unit settings should be fine, but when exchanging data with 3DCG software that uses a different standard unit, problems may occur due to the difference in units. (In Maya, the standard unit is centimeters.)

 

Loop Cutting Tool

I want to cut the added cube in half in preparation for modeling it symmetrically.

First select the cube and if it is in object mode Edit Mode.

Then, from the Toolbar, loopcut.

Blender Loop Cut Tool

If the square polygons are connected, it will automatically cut around the area.

Basically, the cut is made through the midpoint of the edge, but operator panel to adjust the position of the cut and the number of divisions.

Blender Loop Cut Tool and Operator Panel

Personally, the loop cut is an easy-to-use tool that I use very often.

Since we are now only cutting the cube in half, we will not change any of the operator panel settings.

 

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Delete polygons

In preparation for symmetrical modeling, delete half of the polygons on the left side of the screen of the cut cube.

Surface Edit Mode to Select the polygon you want to delete. If you want to select the hidden backside, select Transparent display is turned on.

Select the polygon you want to delete and press Delete to display the Delete menu. If you want to delete the selected polygon normally, press Delete→Surface.

Blender [Delete] key to delete polygons

By the way, header menu to delete->face, it's the same thing.

Polygon removal from Bleder header menu

 

Show/Hide the center point of polygon surface

When in face edit mode, the center point can be displayed on the polygon face.

The way to do this is while in edit mode, open the viewport overlay and check "center" under mesh edit mode.

Center point display of a Blender polygon surface

The center point of the polygon face is only displayed and has no particular effect on how polygons are selected. (In Maya, there is a setting that allows center point selection = polygon selection.)

To make it easy to see that the surface is in edit mode, Toha turns on the center point display.

 

Mirror Modifier

After deleting the polygons in the left half of the cube, apply the Mirror modifier.

Mirror modifiers can be used for symmetrical or vertically symmetrical modeling.

 

Modifiers are like special effects that can be placed on an object. There are many different types of modifiers, and multiple modifiers can be placed on a single object.

List of Blender Modifiers

 

Property Editor Select the modifier tab and click Add Modifier▽. In the list of modifiers displayed, find and select a mirror.

Mirror modifier for Blender 2.8

Now if you edit only the right side of the cube, the left side will automatically be created as a mirror.

The Mirror Modifier has many settings. You can change or add the axis to be mirrored, and even turn off the mirror display in the 3D viewport.

Modifiers can be removed or modified at any time, unless you press the "Apply" button to apply them to the object. You can actually play around with the settings yourself to see what happens.

 

check

The modifier looks a little different in Blender 2.93 than in 2.83. Specifically, the

  • Checkboxes are button-like (at XYZ).
  • The [Apply] and [Reorder] buttons are hidden in the "▽" area.
  • Some parameters are also collapsed to ▽ by default.
  • The 4 icons (camera, etc.) next to the modifier name are in a different order.
  • You can reorder modifiers directly by grabbing the = in the upper right corner and dragging, or

The first two are This is a sobering and confusing point.

Mirror modifier for Blender 2.93
Blender 2.93 modifier has changed the position of the Apply button.

 

Note that there is a □Clipping item in the mirror modifier settings.

If clipping is checked and turned on, vertices facing the mirror axis will be adsorbed to the axis, preventing vertices from inadvertently moving and opening a gap.

Clipping feature of Blender Mirror Modifier

This is a very useful feature and I would like to actively use it.

(*The clipping feature is You told us in the comments! (Thanks for the info~)

 

If the mirror modifier does not work...

You've applied a mirror modifier, but for some reason it doesn't work! If this is the case, check the following 4 points~!

  • Is the axis properly oriented?
  • Is that the right direction to remove polygons?
  • Where the modifier's axis is checked.
  • At the modifier visibility button.

The problem of the mirror modifier not working is generally thought to be fixed by these four things.

Blender Mirror Modifier Checkpoints

 

Save scene data

Once here, save the scene in Blender.

Scene data can be saved from the top menu
File→Save (Ctrl+S), or File→Save As (Shift+Ctrl+S).

 

It is better to save data frequently.

3DCG software, not just Blender, can freeze or crash unexpectedly. If you are working without saving data for a long time, you may lose all your work due to an unexpected freeze.

If you are concerned, you can use the Autosave feature.

 

Also, we recommend that you do not overwrite all of the data with a single data, but rather save each step as an alias and keep a version of the saved data.

Although it is very rare, it can happen that the saved data is corrupted by some problem and cannot be opened. If the data saved a short time ago remains, the damage can be minimized.

 

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Actual modeling (2) Editing polygons and vertices in various ways

gasp

With the mirror modifier on top, we are ready for symmetrical modeling.

From this point on, polygon editing and vertex shifting are used to make the cube look like the body of the Toha model.

We will proceed by introducing tools often used in modeling and little tricks that are useful to know.

 

Incidentally, until I created the Toha model base shape from the cube, I used loop cuts and vertex moves to create it like this. (see figure below)

From cube to Toha model base shape.

 

*For information on how to actually create the shape of a model from a cube object, see Character Modeling from Scratch! - How to Make 3D Models.

 

Loop Selection

Vertex selection can be done from the toolbar box selection can be done from the, but apart from that, loop selection is often used as well.

When using a Maya-like keymap, loop selection of vertices, edges, and faces can be done by double-clicking.

The trick is to double-click "around the edge in the direction you want to select the loop.

(*When using Blender keymap loop selection is Alt + click)

Blender loop selection (double-click for Maya-like keymap)

Selection systems can be made into additional selections by holding down Shift, so Shift and double clicking can be used for multiple loop selections.

 

Convert selected vertices, edges, and faces to other elements

When a vertex, edge or polygon is selected in edit mode, if you switch directly to edit mode for another element, the selected portion will be converted to the element you are switching to.

For example, if you select an edge in edge edit mode and switch directly to Vertex Edit Mode, the vertices of the edge are automatically selected. The vertices of the edges are automatically selected.

Blender Selected element transformation of vertices, edges, and faces

Switching between elements can also be done with the shortcut 1 2 3 keys. It is good to use them together.

 

Knife Tools

The knife tool can cut polygons more freely than the loop cut.

Blender Knife Tool

When you select the Knife tool from the Toolbar, the cursor The shape of the cursor will change to a knife. Click once anywhere on the object and you will see green and red dots and lines.

If you move the mouse cursor as it is, points and lines move over the object.

 

The red-green point of the knife tool subtly snaps to the vertex of the object. If you click when the red-green point snaps to a vertex, you can cut just at the vertex.

Clicking on an edge creates a new vertex at the clicked point.

At this point, holding down the Ctrl key and clicking will snap the red-green dot right in the middle of the edge.

If you are using the Industry Compatible keymap, you can confirm the cut with a right mouse click. For other keymaps, press Enter to confirm the cut.

 

The knife tool allows you to click anywhere on the polygon to cut, even if it is not a vertex or edge, but if you cut too freely, you will end up with a lot of polygonal polygons.

Since nothing good can happen if polygonal polygons are left behind, it is recommended that additional cuts be made where polygonal polygons are left behind to make triangular or square polygons.

*For details, see separate article Human-friendly square polygons, game processing-friendly triangle polygons.

 

Knife Tools and Make Line

Standard Add-on: Snap Utilities Line. When enabled, you can use Make Line, a tool much like the knife tool.

If you are using Maya Config Addon For Blender, the knife tool does not allow you to use Ctrl edge midpoint snapping is not possible with the knife tool.

If the knife tool is not quite right for you, try the Make Line tool as well. For more information, please refer to Blender Modeling [Addendum].

 

Slide tool for edges and vertices

This tool allows you to slide selected edges or vertices along intersecting edges. To switch between tools, use the Toolbar You can do this by pressing and holding the "+" button.

Blender Slide Edge / Slide Vertex tool

In Blender 2.82 and later, dedicated gizmos are also displayed in various tools.

Blender 2.82 and later Dedicated gizmos are now displayed

 

It is very useful when you want to slightly change the position of a vertex or edge without changing the shape of the object as much as possible.

It is not often used in low-poly modeling, but when the number of polygon divisions gradually increases and the model becomes high-poly, it is useful to adjust the topology (polygon divisions).

 

Shrink/Expand tool

This tool allows you to move selected vertices or faces in a bulging/squeezing direction.

Blender Shrink/Expand Tool

Since Blender 2.82, the shrink/expand tool also displays gizmos similar to edge slides.

 

This means that you can move vertices and faces in their respective normal directions.

For example, you may want to make a character's arms and legs thicker or thinner or create a larger clothing model from a copy of the body model.

 

In terms of the Toha model, it can be used to make the girth a bit thicker.

Mirror Modifier in use The clipping function can be turned on to shrink/expand in all directions, such as in the girth, without any problems.

Note that if the clipping function is turned off, the vertices facing the mirror axis will also move, causing the polygons to separate or overlap.

 

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Align vertices with scale

As you repeatedly cut polygons and move vertices, the position of the vertices will gradually become rattled.

At this point, let me introduce a small trick that allows the vertices to be aligned perfectly in one direction.

 

First, select the vertices you want to align tightly with Loop selection or box selection.

With that in place, switch to the scaling tool and move the gizmo grip in the direction of the axis you wish to align.

Press the zero 0 key on the keyboard as is. The selected vertices will then be aligned exactly.

Blender Aligning vertices using scaling tools and keyboard zeros

 

Vertex merging

The merging of the selected vertices will be performed in the header, Edit Mode Menu You can do this from Mesh→Merge.

However, there is also a way to apply the scaling tool's "Fit" function as described earlier.

First, in the sidebar tool □Options and check the □Automatic Merge checkbox.

Automatic merge of duplicate vertices ON in the Tools tab of the Blender sidebar

If you turn on automatic merging, vertices in the same location will be merged automatically.

Once you have checked the box for automatic merging, select the vertices you wish to merge and switch to the Switch to the Scale tool and move the gizmo so that it can scale in all directions.

If you enter 0 directly from the keyboard, all selected vertices will be gathered into one point and merged. (The number of vertices is displayed in the lower right corner of the capture.)

Blender Automatic Merging and Vertex Merging with Scaling Tools and Zero Key

 

check

In Blender 2.93, the number of vertices and other information is not displayed in the lower right corner of the Blender screen.

Instead, A [statistics] item has been added to the viewport overlay, and turning it on will display the number of objects and vertices in the upper left corner of the 3D viewport. It is now easier to see.

Blender 2.93 Display of vertex and polygon count information is On/Off in the Statistics viewport overlay

 

Sewing union of vertices

Automatic merging of duplicate vertices can be applied to join vertices as if they were sewn together.

To do a vertex stitch join, use the snap function also be used in conjunction with From the header menuTurn on the snap function and set the snap setting to "Vertex".

Grab the vertex to be stitched and move it to the vertex to be stitched to, and the two vertices will be snapped together and automatically joined.

Blender Vertex stitch merging (duplicate vertex auto-merge + vertex snap ON)

 

Vertex stitching joins are also useful for adjusting polygon divisions (topology).

Once polygons can be cut, vertices can be moved, and vertices can be joined, most 3D models can be created. The next step in modeling is extrusion.

 

Extrusion Tool

This tool can extrude selected faces and edges to create new polygons.

Blender Extrusion Tools

The extrusion tool is used very often in Toha-style polygon modeling.

 

In Maya's extrusion tool, you had the option to choose whether the polygons were to be combined or separated after extrusion. Blender's extrusion tools are divided into tools themselves for each option.

*To switch between tools, Toolbar You can do this by long pressing the button.

Various Blender Extrusion Tools

In Blender 2.93 "Extrude Polyhedron" tools have been added, bringing the number to five.

 

Note that the result after extrusion will vary depending on the extrusion tool selected.

Selecting the extrusion tool alone does not cause anything to happen; new polygons are created only when the surface is moved using the extrusion tool.

 

Subdivision Surface Modifier

A modifier for subdivision surfaces (subdivision) is placed on a Toha model that has been extruded and feathered.

From the modifier tab of the Property Editor add a subdivision surface.

*For information on how to add a modifier, please Mirror Modifier section.

Blender 2.8 Subdivision Surface Modifier

Modifier looks slightly different in Blender 2.83 and 2.93. See Mirror Modifier section.

 

With a subdivision surface, the polygon is automatically divided into polygons for high poly & smoothness.

Subdivision of polygons with subdivision surfaces

The modifier is in a state of temporary effect until the "Apply" button is pressed.

With the Subdivision Surface Modifier, you can edit only the appearance to be high poly & smooth, without increasing the actual number of vertices.

 

Subdivision surfaces are often used to finalize the look, but they can also be used as a modeling technique in the process.

This method uses a subdivision surface to edit a smooth shape with fewer vertices, and once the shape is created, the modifier is "applied" and the topology of the details is adjusted manually.

I think this technique is quite useful for some low-poly 3D models.

 

Modifier Order

Modifiers may give different results depending on the order in which they are placed on the object.

In the case of the Toha model, the mirror modifier was put on first. (1) Mirror (2) Sub-division surface The effects are ridden in the order of Property Editor the mirror is on top.

Blender hits the modifier effects in turn, starting with the modifier effect at the top.

Blender modifier effects hit from the top down

The order of modifiers can be changed by clicking [△▽] next to the modifier name.

 

check

In Blender 2.93, you can directly reorder modifiers by dragging.

The sort button is collapsed instead. For more information Mirror Modifier. See the item.

Drag and reorder Blender 2.93 modifiers

 

I switched the order of the modifiers on the Toha model to test it out. (1) Sub-division surface (2) Mirror The appearance of the object will change.

Differences in the order of Blender modifiers

It is difficult to explain in detail how the order of modifiers affects the results, since each modifier combination is different.

Anyway, it is good to remember that the modifier order has meaning.

 

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Actual modeling (3) Fine tuning and Finishing

OK

Once the modeling is gradually completed, we will edit the details of the model and finish the individual parts that have been completed.

From here, we will look at ways to make detailed work easier and what to do in the finishing stages.

 

Selection Expand/Reduce

I made the feather part on the Toha model, and I will show you a small trick to select only the feather part.

Using Selection Expand/Reduce, you can successfully select intricate areas that are difficult to select with box selection, etc., can successfully select intricate areas that are difficult to select. In the header menu, select [Selection Use the "Zoom In/Out" option from the "Selection" menu.

Zoom in/out on Blender selections

Expand selection Shift+. , reduce selection Shift+,, but The shortcuts here The description changes depending on the keymap you are using.

Zoom in/out of selection Shortcut differences

 

Use loop selection together with selection expansion You can cleanly select only the wings like this.

Use selection zoom in/out to select intricate areas well

 

Separation of Selected polygons

Try to separate the selected feathers from the body object to another object.

Edit mode menu [Mesh] on Header, then Separate→Select to do so.

Blender Mesh→Separate→Select

Note that separating the body and wings slightly changes the way subdivision surfaces are applied.

Differences in subdivision surfaces due to object separation

 

Object Management with Outliner

Separating the feather and body objects out liners to manage each object, making modeling easier.

For example, when editing a body, you can hide wings if they are distracting, or lock wings so that they cannot be selected. The arrow symbol controls whether the feathers can be selected or not, and the eyeball symbol controls whether they can be shown or hidden.

Blender Outliner manages the selection/unselection and show/hide of objects


If you do not see the control icons in the outliner, you can display them by opening the Toggle Restrictions menu from the top right mark and turning on the respective icons.

Outliner Restrictions Toggle Menu

 

Display only Selected polygons

There is also a way to show/hide polygons on a per-polygon basis instead of per-object basis.

Select the polygons you want to display, and Header to Edit Mode Menu from [Mesh], click on Show/Hide → Hide unselected items. In the same place has,  Hiding Choices so Show hidden items.

Blender Show only selected polygons

Blender 2.93 has the phrase "Hide unselected objects".

 

When editing the details of the 3D model, you can work without stress by hiding the distracting parts to make it easier to work with.

In addition, shift-move, rotate Zoom in/out and focus on the selected area (Maya-style keymap while using the F key) make it easier to work with details.

 

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Flat shade/Smooth shade

Once the object has been modeled, the polygon smoothing process is set up as a finishing touch.

For more information on smoothing, see Polygons are planes, You can't create a "curved surface" by collecting polygons.

 

To apply the smoothing process, header in the From the Object Mode menu, select Object -> Smooth Shade. (Conversely, smooth shades can be removed by going to Object→Flat Shades).

Blender Smooth shade / Flat shade

However, simply using smooth shades may result in poor shading.

Sometimes it's not enough to just smooth shade.

In such cases, use "Auto Smooth" and "Sharpen Edges" together to adjust the smooth shade.

 

To do this, first apply the smooth shade and then Select the Object Data tab in the Property Editor and check Auto Smooth under Normal.

Click "▽Auto Smooth" to open it, and you can set the angle for smooth processing.

Manual smooth shade with automatic smooth 180° and edge sharpening

When the desired smoothness is achieved just by setting the angle, there is no problem, but when you want to manually adjust the smoothness, set the angle setting to 180°.

Then, set the object you want to adjust the smooth to Once you are in Edit Edge Mode and select the edges you don't want to smooth, Mark Edge→Sharpen on  header menu.

This allows you to adjust the smoothing area to your liking.

 

Object Cleanup

The final 3D model should be cleaned up or the data cleaned up by erasing unnecessary values during the work process.

Creating clean 3DCG data is a good thing. Please refer to another article for more information.

 

The cleanup is in the Header to Edit Mode Menu in [Mesh] → Cleanup, You can clean up data.

Blender Cleanup

There are various options, but duplicate vertices can be merged using "Merge by Distance". Remove Isolations" can be used to remove odd faces or vertices that are isolated.

 

Apply objects (Freeze & Reset)

Also, to clean up the object's movement and rotation values, apply the object.

It is common practice to set the position and rotation values to (0, 0, 0), the scaling value to (1, 1, 1), and the position of the origin of the 3D model to the origin of the global coordinates.(*Unless there is a special specification in terms of specifications.)

 

To get to this state, go to in the Header to object mode menu  [Apply], and do a full transformation, which is the same as a freeze and reset in Maya.

Applying Blender Objects (Freeze & Reset Maya)

You can also apply only position, only rotation and expansion, etc., depending on the situation.

 

Summary: When the model is completed, the modeling operation is approximately known.

GOGO

If you made it all the way to the end of the post, thank you very much! Thanks for your hard work~!

This is a very long article, but I hope that this [Practical Edition] and a separate article [Knowledge section] to cover the minimum requirements for modeling in Blender.

All you have to do now is to actually move your hands, so please refer to the article and try your hand at making various things.

 

You can also take the next step by reading Blender Modeling [Addendum]

 

And as a next step, Blender's UV expansion I also wrote an article about Blender's UV expansion! It introduces some useful add-ons and features for manual UV expansion. Please take a look at it when you are done modeling and want to expand UVs.

 

I hope to write about armatures and materials in Blender at some point, but I don't know when that will be.

As I am still learning Blender myself, I will write a new article when I have a better understanding of Blender to share with others.

Let's live a 3DCG life with Blender, and let's work hard for each other~!

 

Are you thinking of using Blender in the future? If you think so, please read this Blender Getting Started Series.

 

*To ensure that the model data you worked so hard to create is not lost in an unforeseen accident.Computer BackupPlease check back soon for more information! > <

List of comments

  1. よもん says:

    I am looking forward to the official release of Blender 2.8.
    With the increased attention, it is valuable to have the basic elements outlined in a workflow that is consistent with the workflow.

    Let me offer one piece of information.
    Mirror modifiers have a feature called clipping.
    It is a function that allows the vertices on the reference plane to be attached to the reference plane, thereby preventing polygons from being separated or overlapping, as described in the Mirror and Shrink/Expand tool sections.

    The rainy season is coming to an end and it is getting hotter.
    Heat stroke can occur even indoors, so please be careful of temperature differences due to air conditioning and dehydration.

    • Toha トハ says:

      Yomon, thank you very much for your comments and information~!
      I didn't know about the clipping feature! It's very helpful!
      I need a little time to revise the article, so for the time being I'll just present Yomon's comments as additional information!
      If you find anything else, please feel free to point it out to us!
      Thank you very much for taking care of my health!

      [Added 7/25/2019
      The Mirror Modifier & Shrink/Expand tool has been revised to include information about the clipping function.
      Thank you very much for your comment, Yomon-san!

      • 2.8のチュートリアルサイトをさまよってここにたどり着きました says:

        Thank God for this site, which is awesome because there aren't many 2.8 tutorial sites out there!
        By the way, can I tweet the toha model I made in this tutorial on Twitter?

      • Toha トハ says:

        Thank you very much for your comment, I arrived here after wandering around the 2.8 tutorial site.

        I'm glad you found the blog post helpful~!
        As for tweets on Twitter, no problem as long as you clearly state that it is a practice model created with reference to our blog.
        Please refrain from using the TOHA model to create your own works of art, etc. (I don't think so, but just in case ^^^). (I don't think so, but just in case ^^^)
        If you like, you can always visit our blog again~!

  2. コイル says:

    I am a graphic designer who is 45 years old and wanted to try 3D. I would appreciate a lecture on blender as I didn't want to spend any money at all. I would appreciate it if you could proceed with the article "gently" as I would like to keep referring to it.

    • Toha トハ says:

      Thank you very much for your comment, Mr. Coyle~!

      I'm glad you found the Blender article helpful.
      Our blog strives to publish articles with easy-to-understand content.
      However, since Toha himself is still learning Blender, updates to the article have been slow.
      I hope to continue writing articles about Blender in the future, but
      Please take your time and wait for us~m(_ _)m

  3. ウォッチ says:

    Since there is no process between the mirror modifier and the actual modeling (2), I had a hard time understanding how it suddenly looked so good from ■. As a novice, it took me a long time to figure out how to do that on my own.
    If the intent is to do your best on your own, this is fine, but I would have liked an explanation of the work in between if possible.

    Having said that, thank you for the very informative article. I am still a novice and will continue to refer to it.

    • Toha トハ says:

      Thank you for your comment, Mr. Watch~!

      This article is meant to be an "introduction to the minimum necessary Blender usage for modeling," and many parts of the article are brief in terms of the actual modeling process.
      For more information on how to create the shape of a model from a square object, seeHow to make 3d models - character modeling from scratchI hope you will also take a look at that article as well, as I have written about it in
      I have also added a link to the reference article during the process (1) -> (2) of this article. Thank you very much for your input~.

      Although the pace of updating articles is slow, we will continue to try to make our articles useful to watchers.
      Please come back and visit our blog again if you like!

  4. モデリング初めてまだ1か月 says:

    Blender 2.8 I don't have any books, so I am very grateful for this site and I am learning a lot from it.
    One inconvenience I couldn't get out of was the mouse pointer, which was a crossed-out letter, and I couldn't get the mouse pointer to move around.
    I want to select at a point, but now I can only select a range of that circle.
     I would like to edit them one by one, but I can't for the life of me get them back to the way they were initially.
    I have tried everything but how can I get it back?
    If you open a new one, it's an initial pointer with a dot to select from.
    When I edit and open what I have created so far, the Jumonji circle is also saved and cannot be reverted.

    It would be helpful if you could tell us.

    • モデリング初めてまだ1か月 says:

      The problem was that I had increased the size of the select circle in the tool, I changed it back to 1 and that solved the problem.
      My apologies.

      • Toha トハ says:

        Thank you very much for your comment, Mr. First Time Modeler for only one month!

        Sorry I couldn't do anything for you, but I'm glad the problem seems to be resolved!
        Thank you for visiting my blog~!
        I am still learning Blender 2.8 myself, so it is difficult for me to write new articles, but I will try to write more about it in the future.
        I hope you will continue to refer to it in the future if you like.

  5. ジャキ says:

    Student.
    I am a member of one school's broadcast committee and mainly use Adobe's premiere pro to edit videos.
    Now that the festival is over and we have a break from business, we would like to take on some new challenges during this time and use them to help edit the videos for the coming year.
    I am learning by reading the articles written by Toha, but I don't understand the camera work.
    If possible, please write to us at ......

    • Toha トハ says:

      Jaki, thank you for visiting my blog and commenting~!
      I respect that you are a student and editing videos, which is something I have almost never done before.
      So you are going to try your hand at creating a new video using Blender?

      Now, about the camera work in Blender 2.8, currently Toha doesn't know much about Blender cameras at all!
      This is because the purpose of using Blender at TOHA is to create 3DCG for use in games, and knowledge of camera work on Blender is not really necessary.
      I had never looked into camera animation, only the knowledge necessary to render a still image.
      I'm sorry, but it looks very unlikely that I will write an article about camera work on the Toha blog, since this is what I'm doing...

      So I took this opportunity to do a little research on Blender's camera work.
      As an alternative, I would like to introduce a few that may be of interest to you.

      [2.8] Operation around the camera
      This article describes basic camera operations in Blender 2.8.

      Blender] How to add camera work
      This is a Blender 2.7 article about how to add camera work.

      #12 The Devil's Introduction to Blender Camera Work with Curves Blender 2.8
      This is a tutorial video on how to add camera work along a curve in Blender 2.8.

      Thanks to Jaki's comment, Toha now knows a little more about Blender's camera work than before! Thank you very much!
      I think I need to learn more about making videos, but I hope this will be a good starting point. Thank you in advance.

  6. こんどる says:

    Next.

    • Toha トハ says:

      Thanks for your comment, Kondoru-san!
      As mentioned in the article, I am still learning Blender, so updates will be slow.
      Please be patient, or refer to another site or tutorial - thank you.

  7. スプラウト says:

    Hello.
    I wanted to make MMD models and watched various videos, but I couldn't understand them.
    I have been helped by the attentive and detailed lectures of Mr. Toha.
    My question is, if I add a mirror modifier to the
    Polygons do not increase and do not return to square.
    Am I missing some procedure?
    Tell us about it.

    • Toha トハ says:

      Hello, Sprout - thank you for your comment.
      Regarding your question about the mirror modifier not working, the articlemirror modifierWe have added checkpoints in case it does not work in the section of the following table.
      Please check the four points I've added here~.
      If the mirror modifier still does not work...
      I'm sorry, I don't know the cause of the problem.

  8. だらん says:

    When making wings by extrusion, it is not possible to make round wings that follow the lines of the body nicely.
    I've tried it in each of the "area" and "cursor direction" and it just stretches straight out.
    I need your advice!

    • Toha トハ says:

      Thank you for your comment, Daran~!
      You say that when you make wings by extrusion, they don't follow the lines of the body, but instead grow straight out.
      Yes...! That's right!

      The wings on the Toha model are in line with the body because Toha manually moved the vertices. After the polygons were extruded straight, they were cut in between with a loop cut tool or other tool to bend what was straight.
      I could have used Blender's curves to extrude polygons along the curves from the beginning, but the wings of the TOHA model are low poly and it was faster to do it by hand.

      For more information on how to extrude using curves, please refer to this article and others~.
      Blender] Efficient modeling method using curves

  9. こゆび says:

    Nice to meet you.
    The explanation is very easy to understand and I am using it as a reference.

    I am commenting to ask a question.
    I am trying to make a Pokémon Upar for practice, and I am using the mirror modifier to create it with checks in the X and Y axes. I have created the head and torso, but when I tried to create the legs and tail by extrusion, the mirror is adapted and they grow on both front and back. Is there any way to make a part that does not adapt the mirror?
    If that is not possible, only the head and torso should be rendered (?) once. output?) Can you do this and then add the legs, tail, etc. later?

    I would appreciate your advice.

    • Toha トハ says:

      Thank you for your comment, Koyubi!
      I see...it's the Pokemon "Upa"...isn't it cute?

      How about this if we first do it with a mirror modifier and extrusion?

      1) Check the X and Y axes of the mirror modifier to create the head and body.
      (2) Once the head and torso are made, press the [Apply] button on the mirror modifier to apply it.
      Delete half of the polygons to reapply the mirror modifier to the head and body after applying the modifier.
      (4) Apply a new mirror modifier, check only the X-axis, and extrude the tail.

      Next, if you want to make the legs and tail as separate parts, how about something like this?

      (1) Leave the finished head and body for now.object modeexchange A for B
      (2) Select [Mesh] from [Add] in the header menu, and then select a cube or a sphere.Add objectbe just about to
      (3) Edit the added objects to create legs and tails.

      If you want to make the disparate legs and tails into a single object with the body, you can use the
      object modeSelect all the objects you want to unify withHeader MenuObjects] and then [Merge].
      Please try it once - thank you.

      • こゆび says:

        The extrusion didn't work with the rooting, etc., so I tried adding an object and it worked!
        Thank you very much for your really detailed explanation. I learned a lot.

  10. しらすなしらす says:

    Just a couple of questions.
    What are the factors that prevent a separate model from appearing in the outliner?

    This is the part of the site that we call the object management in the outliner.
    I only have CAMERA and CUBE on my screen.

    I would like to solve this mystery in the early stages, as I believe it will become more difficult to use selective concealment when creating complex shapes.

    • Toha トハ says:

      Thank you for your comment, Shirasu na Shirasu~!

      You say that the separated model does not appear in the outliner...hmmm what is that...I separated the default Cube in Blender here and it creates an object with the name Cube.001.
      I'm a little confused as to the cause, as it appears in the outliner with no particular problem.
      I made one image so please refer to it once.

      Separated objects not showing up in the outliner?

      Also in a separate article.About OutlinerPlease also check with the "Information on External Sites" section of the website, and if necessary, look at the information on the external sites that are linked to the website.
      I am sorry, but please accept my apologies for the above.

      • しらすなしらす says:

        Thank you for your kind attention.
        I'm sure I will ask you again if I have any more questions, so please let me know if you do.

  11. ぽこ says:

    I use Maya in my work and have recently started learning Blender.
    On other sites, it's like, "I can't do that thing I could do with Maya...!" but
    The comparison of Maya and Blender here and there is very clear and very helpful!
    I look forward to reading more of your articles! m(_ _)m

    • Toha トハ says:

      Thank you for your comment, Poco~!
      I myself have been using Maya for my work for a long time, so when I use Blender, I end up looking for "that thing made with Maya" ^ ^ ^.

      I am sure there are others like Toha, so I have been writing articles on "Blender with Maya-like operations" in this blog. Eventually, I would like to write about UV development and weighting, but when will that be?
      I would appreciate it if you could take it easy and wait patiently.
      Thanks for looking forward to my update!

  12. だまお says:

    I am a person who started using blender to create 3D models at home.
    Toha, your articles are very thorough and extremely helpful!

    Among other things, it is explained based on the "Maya Config Addon".
    I am very grateful to myself for having used Maya and other software in my work.

    I would like to ask a question about camera operation when using that "Maya Config Addon".
    When you select a vertex or other object in edit mode, a gizmo is displayed, but with the gizmo overlapping the mouse.
    When I tried to operate the camera by pressing Alt, the gizmo operation took precedence over the camera operation.
    It is often frustrating.
    I tried to find a way to do something with the keymap of preferences, but my knowledge of the problem is not enough to solve it.
    I could not do it.

    If you know of a solution to this problem, please let us know.
    Best regards.

    • Toha トハ says:

      Thank you for your comment, Damao-san - I appreciate you reading my article.

      While using the Maya Config Addon For Blender 2.8 keymap, you said that you cannot control the view camera when the gizmo and mouse are overlapping...
      That's true! It's true that when the mouse and gizmo were overlapping, [Alt]+[left click] to rotate the view moved the gizmo more!

      It seems that until now, Toha has been unconsciously manipulating the view in areas other than gizmos - I was completely unaware of this.
      The Industry Compatible keymap gives priority to view operations even if they overlap with gizmos, which means that the Maya Config keymap is behaving a bit oddly.

      I've tried various ways to solve this problem, and I think I've found a solution, so I'll describe it here~.

      (1) Search for the name "Gizmo" from Preferences→Key Maps
      Click Generic Gizmo Maybe Drag to view details
      (3) Change all the areas circled by zeros to OFF because they are all ON (blue) by default.

      In Toha's environment, this method allows view rotation manipulation even if the gizmo and mouse overlap on the Maya Config Addon keymap by changing the Generic Gizmo Maybe Drag setting to the same as the Industry Compatible keymap.

      We have not fully investigated whether changing to this setting will affect other operations, but please try changing the setting once and see if there are any problems.
      If any other part of the system stops working properly, I would like to know again. Please do.

      I'm sure it's more convenient to be able to rotate the view even if it overlaps with gizmos, something I first noticed when I read your comment! Thank you very much for sharing this useful information!

      • だまお says:

        Toka.
        Thank you for taking the time to explain all of this to me in such detail!

        This is exactly what it is!
        I was looking for this setup!

        In my case, I had to repeat the process of "edit the vertices, move the camera a bit, edit again, and so on," which was quite a frustrating problem.
        This has eliminated some of the frustration from my life (^▽^)/.

        As for the issue of side effects, it seems unlikely to be a problem for the time being...
        If there is anything else I can do, I would be happy to help.

        If you have another question that you would like to ask us about, we would like to ask you again, thank you for your time.
        (How to connect the normals of different meshes...)

        Again, thank you!

      • だまお says:

        [Postscript.]

        I would like to report that there was a slight detrimental effect if I followed the method you taught me.

        By turning off all buttons, even the snap function while holding down Ctrl is turned off.
        However, when I turned off "All" and then turned on "Ctrl", for some reason I could not even operate the normal gizmos, so I started with "All" on and then turned off buttons I did not need and finally left "Ctrl" alone.

        Also, as an unexpected effect, I can now select additional vertices in the area where the gizmo is displayed, so I realize once again that the settings you taught me were very useful!
        (Previously, the gizmo operation had priority over the additional vertex selection as well.)

        We will report back to you if there is anything else.

      • Toha トハ says:

        Thank you, Damao, for your confirmation & reply.

        Did you find any operation that will not work if you turn off all of the Generic Gizmo Maybe Drag?
        As you said, pressing [Ctrl] to snap was no longer possible.
        Incidentally, I wondered if only [Alt] should be turned off for view operations only. I thought so, but it seems that only [Ctrl] should be turned on since [Shift] also needs to be turned off for additional selection of vertices near the gizmo.

        Thank you very much for your report.

  13. 社会にアッパーカット says:

    I want to develop a 3D game and have been studying Blender for less than a month. I am finding it very helpful. Thank you very much!

    There is one thing I can't get right. With the extrusion tool, the moment I click on an empty space in the 3D viewport, the selected surface of the object is extended, but the original surface is distorted. Is there anything that can be done about this?

    My image of this function was that it would keep the shape of the surface at the start and extend it to various angles. However, for example, when I tried to push out (in the cursor direction) the wings of the pigeon model of Mr. Toha, the base of the wings bent. It's like the bottom is concave and the top is sticking out.

    • Toha トハ says:

      Thank you for your comment, Uppercut to Society~!

      I have checked your question.
      If I select "Extrude (cursor direction)" from the toolbar and click on an empty area in the 3D view, it seems to bend the original surface as you say!
      I had hardly ever used this "push toward the cursor" myself, so I was unaware of it until now ><.

      TOHA often uses "extrusion (area)" and "extrusion (normal direction)".
      These two manipulate the manupilator to extrude the surface, but the original surface is not bent.
      Alternatively, "Face→Extrude Face" from the mode-specific menu at the top of the 3D view will not bend the original face. Extrude Face" can also be used as a keyboard shortcut.

      So, the solution that TOHA can answer now isTry using one of the pushouts other than "pushout (cursor direction)It will be like that ~.

      I'm sorry, but please give it a try, thank you.

      • 社会にアッパーカット says:

        Thank you from the bottom of my heart for your reply.

        I'll give it a try ASAP!

        Have a good New Year.

Toha
Toha

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